The Glossary on the Vertical Farming Directory is an extensive resource designed to enrich the knowledge and understanding of individuals involved or interested in the field of vertical farming and its associated practices. This comprehensive glossary encapsulates a wide range of terms, from the core concepts of vertical farming to the intricate details of sustainable agricultural practices.

Each entry in the glossary not only defines the term but also provides context, explaining its significance and application within the industry. The descriptions are concise yet informative, ensuring that readers, regardless of their expertise level, can grasp the essence of the terms. Furthermore, the inclusion of synonyms enhances understanding and reveals the diverse nomenclature that permeates the field.

Vertical Farming

Explanation: A method of growing crops in vertically stacked layers, often integrating techniques like hydroponics, aquaponics, and aeroponics. It's a sustainable, space-saving approach to agriculture.

Synonyms: Indoor farming, urban agriculture


Explanation: A method of growing plants without soil, using mineral nutrient solutions in an aqueous solvent. Plants' roots are submerged in the nutrient-rich solution, providing them with the necessary nutrients for growth.

Synonyms: Soilless cultivation, water culture


Explanation: An advanced form of hydroponics where plants are grown in an air or mist environment without the use of soil or an aggregate medium. The roots are suspended in the air and misted with nutrient-rich solutions.

Synonyms: Air culture, fogponics


Explanation: A system that combines conventional aquaculture (raising aquatic animals such as fish or prawns in tanks) with hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) in a symbiotic environment.

Synonyms: Aquatic polyculture, integrated agriculture

Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA)

Explanation: A technology-based approach towards food production which aims to provide optimal growing conditions inside a sheltered setting, such as a greenhouse or building. It often involves the manipulation of light, temperature, and CO2 levels.

Synonyms: Indoor farming, greenhouse cultivation


Explanation: Practices that do not deplete resources or harm natural cycles, ensuring that the farming methods can continue indefinitely without damaging the environment.

Synonyms: Eco-friendly, green practices

LED Grow Lights

Explanation: A type of energy-efficient lighting specifically designed for plant cultivation that emits light in the red and blue spectrum, which are crucial for plant growth.

Synonyms: Horticultural lighting, LED horticulture lights

Urban Agriculture

Explanation: The practice of cultivating, processing, and distributing food in or around urban areas. It's closely related to vertical farming but can also include other forms of food production in urban settings.

Synonyms: Urban farming, city farming

Precision Agriculture

Explanation: An approach to farm management that uses information technology and a wide array of items such as GPS guidance, control systems, sensors, robotics, drones, autonomous vehicles, variable rate technology, and automated hardware.

Synonyms: Precision farming, satellite farming

Plant Factory

Explanation: A closed growing system which enables a consistent and constant production of high-quality vegetables all year round, using artificial light instead of sunlight. It's often associated with vertical farming and CEA.

Synonyms: Indoor vertical farm, plant production factory


Explanation: A form of hydroponics where the nutrient solution is derived from organic sources, as opposed to synthetic nutrients. This system often incorporates beneficial microbes that break down organic matter into nutrients for the plants.

Synonyms: Organic hydroponics, bio-hydroponics

Compost Tea

Explanation: A liquid solution made by steeping compost in water. It's used as a natural fertilizer and to introduce beneficial microorganisms to the soil or hydroponic system.

Synonyms: Liquid compost, compost extract

Crop Rotation

Explanation: The practice of growing a series of different types of crops in the same area across a sequence of growing seasons. It helps in reducing soil erosion and increases soil fertility and crop yield.

Synonyms: Crop succession, rotational cropping

Drip Irrigation

Explanation: An efficient irrigation method where water is delivered directly to the roots of plants through low-pressure drippers. It minimizes water wastage and is ideal for arid regions.

Synonyms: Trickle irrigation, micro-irrigation

Food Security

Explanation: The state of having reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food. It's a critical goal often pursued through sustainable agriculture practices.

Synonyms: Food assurance, nutritional security

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)

Explanation: Organisms whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques, often to achieve desired traits such as increased resistance to pests or improved nutritional content.

Synonyms: Transgenic organisms, genetically engineered organisms


Explanation: A structure with walls and a roof made chiefly of transparent material, such as glass, in which plants requiring regulated climatic conditions are grown.

Synonyms: Glasshouse, hothouse


Explanation: The branch of agriculture that deals with the art, science, technology, and business of growing plants. It includes the cultivation of fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds, and non-food crops.

Synonyms: Gardening, cultivation

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Explanation: A pest control strategy that uses an array of complementary methods: mechanical devices, physical devices, genetic, biological, legal, cultural management, and chemical management.

Synonyms: Comprehensive pest control, sustainable pest control


Explanation: Young vegetable greens that are approximately 1–3 inches tall. They have an intense aromatic flavor and concentrated nutrient content and are used as a nutrition supplement, a visual enhancement, and a flavor and texture enhancement.

Synonyms: Vegetable confetti, micro herbs

Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)

Explanation: A hydroponic technique where a very shallow stream of water containing dissolved nutrients is recirculated past the bare roots of plants in a watertight gully, also known as a channel.

Synonyms: Nutrient flow technique, film technique

Organic Farming

Explanation: A method of farming that involves growing and nurturing crops without the use of synthetic based fertilizers and pesticides. Also, it prohibits the use of genetically modified organisms and antibiotics.

Synonyms: Biological farming, eco-farming


Explanation: A set of design principles centered around whole systems thinking simulating or directly utilizing the patterns and resilient features observed in natural ecosystems.

Synonyms: Permanent agriculture, sustainable agriculture


Explanation: The use of plants to remove, transfer, stabilize, and/or destroy contaminants in soil, sediment, and water. It's a form of bioremediation and applies to all chemical or physical processes that involve plants.

Synonyms: Botanical bioremediation, green remediation

Plant Pathology

Explanation: The scientific study of plant diseases caused by pathogens and environmental conditions. It involves the study of pathogen identification, disease etiology, disease cycles, economic impact, plant disease epidemiology, plant disease resistance, and disease management.

Synonyms: Phytopathology, plant disease science

Soilless Mix

Explanation: A medium used for growing plants that doesn't contain natural soil. It's usually a mixture of various components like peat, perlite, vermiculite, and coconut coir. Used in container gardening and hydroponics.

Synonyms: Potting mix, artificial growing medium


Explanation: The base or underlying layer used for planting or rooting in the context of hydroponics or potted plants. It provides support and a medium for nutrients and water to be absorbed by the plant's roots.

Synonyms: Growing medium, rooting medium

Urban Farming

Explanation: The practice of cultivating, processing, and distributing food in or around urban areas, often utilizing vertical farming, rooftop gardens, and other innovative techniques to maximize space.

Synonyms: Urban agriculture, city farming

Vertical Garden

Explanation: A technique used to grow plants on a vertically suspended panel by using hydroponics. These unique structures can either be freestanding or attached to a wall.

Synonyms: Living wall, green wall

Zero-acreage Farming (ZFarming)

Explanation: A subset of urban agriculture that involves growing food in small or non-traditional spaces such as rooftops, balconies, and unused urban spaces, without the use of actual farmland.

Synonyms: Rooftop farming, urban container gardening